C & E
Customs and Excise - British Department for Tariffs and Customs.
C & F
Cost and Freight - Goods are to be sold on the basis that the seller arranges their seaborne transportation and delivery to the buyer.
Confederation of Independent States (former Soviet Union - see also FSU)
C / O / H
Cuba / Orinoco / Haiti
Comit des Associations d'Armateurs de la Communaut Europenne (Brussels) - organization for shipping companies from the EU.
Containing Air Breathing Apparatus
Currency And Bunker Adjustment Factor
Coastal trade, i.e. the movement of goods by ship between ports on the same coast or between ports within the same country.
Central American Common Market
Cash Against Documents
Currency Adjustment Factor
Council of All Japanese Exporters' Association
The arching of the deck upward measured at the centerline in inches per foot beam.
Condition Assessment Programme - inspection of a vessel to determine its technical condition.
Vessel which is too large to navigate the Suez Canal to and from the Arabian Gulf, therefore being forced to voyage around the Cape of Good Hope - approximately 80,000 - 175,000 dwt.
Routing a vessel around the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa.
Capital intensive tonnage
Vessel demanding relatively large capital investments, e.g. cruiseships, gas- and chemical tankers, etc.
Collision Avoidance System - Electronic system commonly used to prevent collisions in USA inland navigable waterways.
Pipe with thick walls placed in the drill hole and cemented in place. Prevents the hole from caving in.
Council of American- flag Ship Operators (eight liner companies which left the AIMS).
A raised bridge running fore and aft from the Midship House, also called "walkway". It affords safe passage over the pipe lines and other deck obstructions.
The walls of the drill hole disintegrating and filling up the hole.
Collective Bargaining Agreement (tariff agreement) - CBA for Filipino seamen between AMOSUP and ASO is an example. The term is used for any kind of tariff agreement, both for NIS-ships and foreign flagged ships.
Carbon Black Feed Stock
Conventional Buoy Mooring
Chemical Carriers Association
Comité des Armateurs de France - the French shipowners' association.
Customs Co-operation Council - forum for international cooperation between customs authorities, attempting to create harmony and uniformity of approach.
Commander Coast Guard District Eight
China Classification Society
Clean Coastal Waters (Long Beach CA cooperative)
Customary Dispatch; Chart Datum - a water level calculated on the lowest tide that can conceivably occur, and used as a basis for chart measurements. Such low tide is known also as the Lowest Astronomic Tide (LAT), and presupposes that at the very worst, there would always be that depth of available water at that particular spot.
Conseil de l'Europe (Strasbourg)
Certificate of Equivalent Competency
Maritime insurers central association.
The level beneath Rotary Table on a rig. On a jack-up this means the well-head and BOP. On a floating rig, it is the deck from which the guidelines are controlled. May also have a Marine Riser.
Conference Europeenne des Ministres des Transports - OECD-affiliated organization for dealing with transportation problems on rails, roads and inland waterways.
European Standardization Organization
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation
Council of European and Japanese National Shipowners' Associations (London).
Council of European and Japanese (Nipponese) National Shipowners' Association
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (U.S.)
Customs Exam Station(U.S. Customs designation for office granting import licence on USDA approved cargoes)
Code of Federal Regulations (U.S.)
Container Freight Station ; Cubic Feet per Second
Colliery Guarantee Terms - the ship is to be loaded in accordance with the terms of the colliery (coal mine) guarantee, which is a contract between the colliery and the charterers - occasionally between the colliery and the ship owner - describing applicable laytime, excepted periods, holiday and demurrage
Cargo owner or another person/company who hires a ship.
To hire a ship to carry goods/cargo.
Shipbroker acting on behalf of charterer in negotiations leading to the chartering of a ship.
Contract for the hire of a ship or space in a ship ; Transport contract between shipowner and shipper of goods.
Special tanker built for the transportation of bulk chemicals. Newer tonnage is equipped with stainless steel tanks. Ships may carry many different cargoes simultaneously, because each tank has its own pump and pipeline system for loading and unloading.
Charterer's Option - May refer, for example, to Charterer's option to discharge at a number of ports - e.g.: "up to three ports Taiwan, in Charterer's Option". Or perhaps relative to a cargo size margin - e.g.: "10,000 tonnes, 5 per cent more or less chopt". (See MOLCO).
Clean Island Council (Hawaiian cooperative)
Cost, Insurance, Freight. Designates that the cargo is carried free of charge for the buyer; seller pays all transportation costs.
Cost, Insurance, Freight and Commission
Cost, Insurance and Freight, Free Out
Channel Industries Mutual Aid Association
Cook Inlet Regional Citizen's Advisory Council
Commonwealth of Independant States
Cook Inlet Spill Prevention, Inc. (Alaskan cooperative)
Civil Liability Convention
CLC - see Oil spill compensation.
Completely Knocked Down - Said of cargo, normally of cars, shipped in pieces and cased, to be assembled at destination.
Organization which carries out surveys of newbuildings and at regular intervals when in commission, sets and maintains quality standards for ships and their equipment. Acts on behalf of the flag state's maritime authorities.
Civil Liability Convention of 1969.
The residue that adheres to the inner surface and structure of a container, such as a tank after having been emptied
Closed Loading System
Comite Maritime International - the international association for maritime law.
Contract of Affreightment - quantity contract: An agreement between shipowner and shipper concerning the freight of a defined amount of cargo. The shipowner chooses ship.
Paint (corrosion protection)
The narrow, empty space between two adjacent watertight or oil-tight compartments. This space is designed to isolate the two compartments from each other and/or provide additional buoyancy. It prevents any liquid contents of one compartment from entering the other in the event of a bulkhead failure. In oil tankers, cargo spaces are usually isolated from the rest of the ship by cofferdams fitted at both ends of the tank body.
Certificate of Financial Responsibility - regarding the transport of oil to USA. Vessels must have a certificate guaranteeing the payment of up to USD 1,500 per dwt. in case of oil spills.
Certificate Of Financial Responsibility
Carriage of Goods by Sea Act (USA).
A thick piece of pipe closest to the bit.
Ships for the transportation of both liquid and dry bulkcargoes. There are two main types: Ore carriers and bulk-tank-ships.
Shipbroker's remuneration, normally 1.25 per cent of gross freight. Calculated also for sales and purchases of vessels at one per cent of purchase price.
Shipbroker's fee - often 1,25% of the gross freight rate. In the case of a purchase/sale, often 1% of the purchase sum.
Making the hole ready for production.
Casing with large diametre - normally the first first lining or guide pipe fitted during the drilling operation.
Ship specially designed to carry standard containers (TEUs). Generally called Cellular container ship. The larger part of the cargo-carrying capacity consists of containers carried on deck or in cells in the hold. Containers are lifted on and off with special cranes and are then called lift on-lift off-ships (see special entry). Container ships are generally fast, operating regular sailing schedules (lines).
Contract of Affreightment, c.o.a.
Contract for the hire of a ship. The shipowner undertakes the transport of certain amounts of goods for one or several voyages.
Custom Of The Port - cargo to be loaded or discharged as per custom of the port. Thus no specific rate of cargo handling would be entered in the contract, the owner relying on the vagaries of local practices and customs. Presumably he will ask for a higher freight rate to protect him against possible delays.
Certificate Of Registry
Charterer's Option To Complete To Full Cargo
Captain Of The Port (U.S. Coast Guard)
informal forum for Western European and Japanese shipping attachÃ©es in Washington. COTTON CLUB - informal forum for Western European and Japanese shipping attachÃ©es in Washington.
Crude Oil Washing - a method of cleaning tanks using oil from the vessel's cargo. COW is normally used when a tanker is discharging. Oil is taken from the tanks and pumped through a special line to fixed or semi-fixed tank washing machines where it is sprayed against all inside surfaces of the tank. This procedure removes any cargo which is "clinging" to the surfaces of the tank
Clean Petroleum Products
Customary Quick Dispatch - the vessel is to be loaded or discharged as quickly as is customary and possible - se CD
China Corporation Register (Taiwan) - Taiwanese Skip Classification Agency
Crane and Construction Vessel / Unit
Normally a ship, a barge or a semisubmersible, equipped for the construction and maintenance of fixed installations. May sometimes offer accommodation. Other services offered are: Storage facilities, the supply of water, compressed air and electricity, office space, communications center, helicopter landing pad, etc.
Clean River Cooperative (Portland OR - Columbia River)
Current Rate Discharge (see Current Rate)
Contract Regarding a Supplement to Tanker Liability for Oil Pollution - a voluntary system established by oil companies in order to "plug" holes in IMO-conventions concerning the financial settlement of claims in connection with oil spills. The oil companies' supplemet to TOVALOP.
Contract Regarding an Interim Supplement to Tanker Liability for Oil Pollution
Current Rate Load (see Current Rate)
The freight of cargoes between foreign ports. Nearly 95 per cent of the Norwegian-owned tonnage is cross-trading.
Croatian Register of Shipping (Hravatski Registar Brodova) - Croatian Ship Classification Society
Unrefined oil directly from the well.
Passenger vessel carrying passengers on trips between various ports, normally with the same starting and ending port. Standards of accommodation and recreation normally high.
Container Safety Convention - convention for the promotion of safer containers.
Closed Shelter Deck Ship
Consultative Shipping Group - forum for the discussion of shipping policy on Government level. Fourteen West-European participants and Japan.
Closed System Measurement
Centistrokes - Measure of the viscosity of oils such as fuel oils. The greater the number of centistrokes, the higher the viscosity of a grade of oil
Chamber of Shipping War Risks, CP clauses.
Chemical Transportation Advisory Committee
Constructive Total Loss - loss or damage to goods or to a ship which is such that the cost of repair or recovery would exceed their value when repaired or recovered.
The most important commercial measurement when the cargo is so lightweight that the ship is filled to capacity without being loaded to the load line (free board). Capacity is measured in cubic meters or cubic feet (cu.ft.).
A Term whereby the ship owner contracts to pay the current rate costs of loading and/or discharge.
Consecutive Voyages - a series of consecutive voyages, usually laden from Port A to Port B, returning in ballast condition, and so on until completion of final cargo discharge.
Colliery Working Days - a laytime term describing normal working days of a colliery (coal mine), including those in a strike or other actions.